UncategorizedTurkey Criminal Lawyer


Turkey is a country known worldwide for its history, cultural richness and strategic location. However, legal processes and criminal law issues are also of great importance for foreign visitors and investors planning to invest or live in Turkey. Lawyers specializing in criminal law in Turkey play a critical role in solving the legal problems of foreigners and defending their rights. In this content, we will discuss the services provided by criminal lawyers in Turkey, the importance of these services for foreigners, and basic information on criminal law in Turkey.

What is Criminal Law?

Criminal law is a branch of law that determines the sanctions to be applied when a person violates the law. This branch of law defines crimes and determines the penalties for these crimes. Criminal law in Turkey covers both Turkish citizens and foreigners living or present in the country.

Importance of Criminal Law in Turkey

Criminal law in Turkey is of great importance for the provision of justice and the protection of social order. Foreign investors and visitors may face various legal issues while in Turkey. Bu durumlarda, Türkiye’deki ceza avukatları, yabancıların haklarını koruma ve adil yargılanma sürecini sağlama konusunda önemli bir rol oynar.

Services of Criminal Lawyers in Turkey

Criminal lawyers in Turkey offer a wide range of legal services to individuals and organizations facing criminal charges. These services include the development of defense strategies, litigation, legal advice and appeals.

Development of Defense Strategies

Criminal lawyers help their clients develop the best defense strategies against the charges. When a foreigner faces charges in Turkey, the defense process can be complicated by cultural and language barriers. At this point, criminal lawyers ensure that their clients effectively exercise their right to defense.

Litigation Tracking

Criminal lawyers in Turkey follow their clients’ cases and ensure that the judicial processes proceed correctly. Representing clients in court, presenting evidence and arguing in their favor. For foreigners, these processes can be challenging due to the complexity of the Turkish legal system, so the guidance of a criminal lawyer is critical.

Legal Consulting

Criminal lawyers provide legal advice to their clients, informing them about their rights and legal processes. Foreign investors and visitors can avoid potential legal problems by seeking advice on legal issues in Turkey. Criminal lawyers guide their clients in this regard and minimize legal risks.


Criminal lawyers in Turkey also manage appeals by appealing court decisions. In the event that a criminal lawyer’s client has been wrongfully convicted, he or she can file an appeal and demand a fair retrial.

Importance of Turkish Criminal Lawyers for Foreigners

Criminal lawyers in Turkey help foreigners overcome the difficulties they may face in legal proceedings. These lawyers protect the rights of foreign investors and visitors, ensuring that legal proceedings proceed in a fair and transparent manner.

Overcoming Language and Cultural Barriers

Criminal lawyers in Turkey help their foreign clients overcome language and cultural barriers. The Turkish legal system can be complex and difficult to understand for foreigners. Criminal lawyers help clients overcome these barriers by clearly explaining the legal process and their rights.

Right to a Fair Trial

Criminal lawyers defend their clients’ right to a fair trial. When a foreigner in Turkey faces charges, it is his or her fundamental right to a fair trial. Criminal lawyers take the necessary steps to ensure that this process proceeds in a fair and impartial manner.

Acceleration of Legal Processes

Foreign investors and visitors expect Turkey’s legal processes to be fast and efficient. Criminal lawyers ensure that their clients’ cases are handled in a timely and correct manner. This prevents foreigners from being victimized in legal proceedings in Turkey.

Who Does a Criminal Lawyer in Turkey Work With?

The criminal lawyer in Turkey works with people who are accused of crimes within the borders of Turkey in the investigation phase; in the prosecution phase, he works with people who are tried as defendants and with convicts as a result of the trial. In general terms, he works with Turkish citizens and foreigners who have committed a crime within the borders of Turkey or who have committed a crime within the borders of Turkey. For this reason, a foreigner who commits a crime within Turkey is also prosecuted under Turkish criminal law and in Turkish courts.

What is the Fee for a Criminal Lawyer in Turkey?

The fee for a criminal lawyer in Turkey is set according to the tariff determined by the bar association each year.

Which Cases a Turkish Criminal Lawyer Handles


The crime is legal. An act defined in the law cannot be defined as a crime. In the Turkish penal code, the acts that are criminalized in Turkish criminal law are listed below:

International Crimes

  • Article 76- Genocide
  • Article 77- Crimes against Humanity
  • Article 79- Migrant Smuggling
  • Article 80- Human Trafficking
  • Crimes Against Life
  • TCK Article 81- Intentional killing
  • Article 82- Qualified intentional homicide
  • TCK Madde 83- Kasten öldürmenin ihmali davranışla işlenmesi
  • TCK Article 84- Incitement to suicide
  • Article 85- Negligent homicide
  • Offenses against Body Immunity
  • Article 86- Intentional wounding
  • TCK Article 87- Aggravated wounding
  • Article 88 of the TPC – Committing intentional injury with negligent behavior
  • Article 89- Negligent injury
  • Article 90- Experimentation on human beings
  • Article 91- Organ or tissue trafficking
  • Torture and Torment
  • Article 94- Torture
  • Article 95- Torture aggravated by its consequences
  • Article 96- Cruelty
  • Breach of the Obligation to Protect, Supervise, Assist or Notify
  • Article 97- Abandonment
  • Article 98- Failure to fulfill the obligation of assistance or notification
  • Child Abortion, Miscarriage or Sterilization
  • Article 99- Abortion of a child
  • Article 100- Abortion of a child
  • Article 101- Sterilization
  • Crimes against Sexual Immunity
  • Article 102- Sexual assault
  • Article 103- Sexual abuse of children
  • Article 104- Sexual intercourse with a minor
  • Article 105- Sexual harassment
  • Crimes against Liberty
  • TPC Article 106- Threat
  • Article 107- Blackmail
  • Article 108- Force
  • Article 109- Deprivation of liberty
  • Article 112- Prevention of the right to education and training
  • TCK Article 113- Prevention of the right to benefit from public services
  • TCK Article 114- Prevention of the exercise of political rights
  • Article 115- Preventing the exercise of freedom of belief, thought and opinion
  • Article 116- Violation of residential inviolability
  • Article 117- Violation of freedom of work and labor
  • Article 118- Prevention of the exercise of trade union rights
  • Article 120- Unjustified search
  • TCK Madde 121- Dilekçe hakkının kullanılmasının engellenmesi
  • Article 122- Hate and discrimination
  • TCK Article 123- Disturbing the peace and tranquility of persons
  • TCK Article 124- Interception of communication
  • Crimes Against Honor
  • Article 125- Insult
  • Article 129- Insult due to wrongful act or mutual insult
  • Article 130- Insulting the memory of a person
  • Article 131- Condition for investigation and prosecution
  • Crimes Against Private Life and Privacy
  • TCK Article 132- Violation of confidentiality of communication
  • TCK Article 133- Interception and recording of conversations between persons
  • TCK Article 134- Violation of privacy
  • Article 135- Recording of personal data
  • Article 136 of the Turkish Penal Code – Unlawful disclosure or seizure of data
  • TCK Article 138- Failure to destroy data
  • Crimes Against Assets
  • Article 141- Theft
  • Article 142- Qualified theft
  • Article 148- Plunder
  • Article 149- Qualified plunder
  • Article 151- Damage to property
  • TCK Article 152- Qualified forms of damage to property
  • TCK Article 153- Damaging places of worship and cemeteries
  • TCK Article 154- Encroachment without right
  • Article 155- Abuse of trust
  • TCK Article 156- Use of a free promissory note
  • Article 157- Fraud
  • Article 158- Qualified fraud
  • Article 160 of the TPC – Disposition of lost or recovered property by mistake
  • Article 161- Fraudulent bankruptcy
  • Article 161- Fraudulent bankruptcy
  • Article 163- Unrequited benefit
  • Article 164- False information about companies or cooperatives
  • Article 165 TPC – Purchase or acceptance of criminal property
  • Article 166- Failure to provide information
  • Crimes Creating General Danger
  • Article 170- Deliberately endangering general security
  • TCK Article 171- Endangering public security through negligence
  • Article 172- Emitting radiation
  • Article 173- Causing an explosion with atomic energy
  • TCK Article 174- Unauthorized possession or transfer of dangerous substances
  • TPC Article 175- Violation of the obligation of care and supervision over the mentally ill
  • TCK Article 176- Failure to comply with safety rules related to construction or demolition
  • TCK Article 177- Releasing an animal in a way that may cause danger
  • TCK Article 177- Releasing an animal in a way that may cause danger
  • TCK Article 179- Endangering traffic safety
  • TCK Article 180- Endangering traffic safety by negligence
  • Crimes against the Environment
  • Article 181- Intentional pollution of the environment
  • Article 182- Pollution of the environment by negligence
  • Article 183- Causing noise
  • TCK Article 184- Causing zoning pollution
  • Crimes against Public Health
  • Crimes against Public Health
  • Article 186- Trafficking in tainted or altered food or medicines
  • Article 187- Making or selling drugs in a way that endangers the life and health of persons
  • TCK Article 188- Manufacture and trafficking in narcotics or stimulants
  • Article 190- Facilitating the use of drugs or stimulants
  • Article 191- Buying, accepting or possessing drugs or stimulants for use or using drugs or stimulants
  • TCK Article 193- Manufacture and trafficking of poisonous substances
  • TCK Article 194- Supply of substances hazardous to health
  • TCK Article 195- Violation of measures regarding infectious diseases
  • Article 196- Unlawful burial of the dead
  • Offenses against Public Trust
  • Article 197- Forgery of money
  • Article 198- Values considered equal to money
  • TCK Article 199- Forgery of a valuable stamp
  • TCK Article 200- Instruments for making money and precious stamps
  • Article 202- Forgery of a seal
  • Article 203- Tampering with a seal
  • Article 204- Forgery of official documents
  • Article 205- Distorting, destroying or concealing an official document
  • Article 206- False statement in the issuance of an official document
  • Article 207- Forgery of private documents
  • Article 208- Distortion, destruction or concealment of a private document
  • TPC Article 209- Misuse of signature
  • TCK Article 210- Documents that have the force of official documents
  • Offenses against Public Peace
  • TCK Article 213- Threatening with the aim of creating fear and panic among the public
  • TPC Article 214- Incitement to commit a crime
  • Article 215- Praising crime and criminals
  • TCK Article 216- Inciting or humiliating the public to hatred and hostility
  • TPC Article 217- Incitement to disobey the law
  • Article 219- Abuse of religious services in the line of duty
  • TCK Article 220- Establishing an organization with the aim of committing a crime
  • Offenses against Vehicles or Fixed Platforms
  • Article 223- Hijacking or abduction of means of transportation
  • Article 224- Occupation of fixed platforms on the continental shelf or in the exclusive economic zone
  • Crimes against Public Morals
  • TCK Article 225- Indecent acts
  • Article 226- Obscenity
  • Article 227- Prostitution
  • TCK Article 228- Providing a place and opportunity for gambling
  • Article 229- Begging
  • Crimes against Family Order
  • Article 230- Multiple marriages, fraudulent marriage, religious ceremony
  • Article 231- Changing the paternity of the child
  • Article 232- Maltreatment
  • Article 233- Violation of the obligation arising from family law
  • Article 234- Abduction and detention of a child
  • Crimes Related to Economy, Industry and Trade
  • TCK Article 235- Bid rigging
  • TCK Article 236- Rigging the performance of a contract
  • TCK Article 237- Influencing prices
  • TPC Article 238- Causing the absence of public necessities
  • Article 239- Disclosure of information or documents that are trade secrets, banking secrets or customer secrets
  • TCK Article 240- Avoiding the sale of goods or services
  • Article 241- Usury
  • Crimes in Informatics
  • Article 243- Penetration into the information system
  • TCK Article 244- Blocking, disrupting, destroying or altering the system
  • Article 245- Misuse of debit or credit cards
  • Article 245/A- Prohibited devices or programs
  • Crimes against the Reliability and Functioning of Public Administration
  • Article 247- Embezzlement
  • TCK Article 250- Irtikap
  • Article 251- Neglect of supervisory duty
  • Article 252- Bribery
  • TCK Article 255- Influence trafficking
  • TPC Article 256- Exceeding the limit of the authority to use force
  • Article 257- Abuse of office
  • TCK Article 258- Disclosure of secrets related to duty
  • Article 259- Trafficking of a public official
  • TPC Article 260- Abandonment or failure to perform public duty
  • Article 261- Unlawful disposition of property of persons
  • Article 262- Unlawful assumption of public office
  • TPC Article 263- Educational institution in violation of the law
  • Article 264- Improper use of special signs and clothing
  • Article 265 of the Turkish Penal Code – Resisting to prevent the execution of a duty
  • Article 266 of the TPC- Using the tools and equipment of public office in crime
  • Crimes Against the Courthouse
  • Article 267- Slander
  • Article 268 of the Turkish Penal Code – Using someone else’s identity or identity information
  • TPC Article 270- Assumption of guilt
  • Article 271- Fabrication of a crime
  • Article 272- False testimony
  • Article 275- Perjury
  • TCK Article 275- PerjuryTCK Article 276- Untruthful expert witness or interpreter
  • TPC Article 277- Attempt to influence a judicial officer, expert or witness
  • Article 278- Failure to report a crime
  • Article 279- Failure of a public official to report a crime
  • TCK Article 280- Failure of healthcare professionals to report a crime
  • Article 281- Destruction, concealment or alteration of criminal evidence
  • Article 282- Laundering the proceeds of crime
  • Article 283- Favoring the guilty
  • Article 284- Failure to report detainees, convicts or evidence of crime
  • Article 285- Breach of confidentiality
  • Article 286- Recording audio or video recordings
  • Article 287- Genital examination
  • Article 288- Attempt to influence a fair trial
  • Article 289- Abuse of custodial duty
  • Article 290- Seizure and destruction of officially delivered goods
  • Article 291- Entering a penal institution or detention center on behalf of another person
  • Article 292- Escape of a convicted or detained person
  • TCK Article 294- Enabling escape
  • TCK Article 295- Abuse of duty by a guard
  • Article 296- Revolt of convicts or prisoners
  • TCK Article 297- Bringing prohibited items into an execution institution or detention center
  • TCK Article 298- Preventing the exercise of rights and nutrition
  • Crimes against the Signs of Sovereignty of the State and the Dignity of its Organs
  • Article 299- Insulting the President
  • Article 300- Denigrating the signs of state sovereignty
  • TCK Article 301- Denigrating the Turkish Nation, the State of the Republic of Turkey, the institutions and organs of the State
  • Crimes against State Security
  • Article 302- Disrupting the unity and territorial integrity of the state
  • Article 303- Cooperation with the enemy
  • Article 304- Incitement to war against the state
  • Article 305- Providing benefits for activities against fundamental national interests
  • Article 306- Recruiting soldiers against a foreign state
  • Article 307- Destruction of military installations and conspiracy for the benefit of enemy military movements
  • Article 308- Material and financial aid to an enemy state
  • Crimes against the Constitutional Order and its Functioning
  • Article 309- Violation of the Constitution
  • TCK Article 310- Assassination and actual assault on the President
  • Article 311- Crime against the legislative body
  • Article 312- Crime against the government
  • Article 313- Armed rebellion against the Government of the Republic of Turkey
  • Article 314- Armed organization
  • Article 315- Provision of weapons
  • Article 316- Agreement to commit a crime
  • Crimes against National Defense
  • TCK Article 317- Usurpation of military commands
  • TCK Article 318- Intimidating the public from military service
  • TCK Article 319- Inciting soldiers to disobedience
  • TCK Article 320- Recruiting or enlisting in foreign service
  • Article 321- Failure to obey orders in wartime
  • Article 322- Obligations in wartime
  • Article 323- Spreading false news in war
  • Article 324- Neglect of duty related to mobilization
  • TCK Article 325- Acceptance of titles and similar honors from the enemy
  • Crimes against State Secrets and Espionage
  • TCK Article 326- Documents related to the security of the state
  • Article 327- Providing information related to the security of the state
  • Article 328- Political or military espionage
  • Article 329- Disclosing information related to the security and political interests of the state
  • Article 330- Disclosing information that should remain confidential
  • Article 331- International espionage
  • TCK Article 332- Entering military restricted areas
  • TCK Article 333- Benefiting from state secrets, disloyalty in state services
  • Article 334- Providing prohibited information
  • Article 335- Provision of prohibited information for espionage purposes
  • Article 336- Disclosing prohibited information
  • Article 337- Disclosing prohibited information for the purpose of political or military espionage
  • Article 338- Committing acts of espionage as a result of negligence
  • Article 339- Possession of documents related to state security
  • Offenses against Relations with Foreign States
  • Article 340- Crime against a foreign head of state
  • Article 341- Insult against the flag of a foreign state
  • Article 342- Crimes against representatives of foreign states.



Criminal lawyers in Turkey provide vital legal services for foreign investors and visitors. Facing criminal charges, foreigners develop defense strategies, pursue their cases, receive legal advice and manage appeals with the guidance of criminal lawyers. Criminal lawyers in Turkey protect the rights of foreigners, ensuring that legal proceedings proceed in a fair and transparent manner. It is of utmost importance for foreigners planning to invest or live in Turkey to seek professional support in legal matters.

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